Macular Degeneration is the progressive deterioration of the central area of the retina. The disease causes a central scotoma or blind spot, or a decrease in central vision. While peripheral vision remains intact, mobility is often impaired.
Effects of Macular Degeneration
• Central Scotoma(s) or blind spot
• Decreased Contrast Sensitivity
• Blurred Vision
• Discomforting Glare and Glare Sensitivity 

Article written for The Senior Directory

Macular Degeneration or any other vision loss shouldn't slow you down.

My mom has Macular Degeneration (M.D.) and is mad at the world because she loved to read and can't drive anymore.  I try to help, but losing that independence is driving her crazy...and me too!  There are so many questions:  Will she go totally blind?  Will I get M.D.?  Why doesn't the magnifier I bought work?  Will she ever be able to read again?
M.D. causes central vision loss but her peripheral will remain intact.  The condition is passed down through mankind, not your family.  Magnifiers are challenging because they magnify her blind spot as well as the print.  A video magnifier will allow her to read, write and look at pictures even if her condition progresses.  There are talking products for almost every daily activity, some will even read the print out loud.  She can also receive free talking books.
Call a professional that can introduce these products and teach her simple skills that will put that smile back on her face.



A cataract is the clouding of the lens of the eye. It is apparent within the lens and when the nucleus becomes opaque.
Effects of Cataracts
• Blurred distance vision, especially outdoors.
• Headlights and stoplights appear to have streaks or halos.
• Glare sensitivity causing discomfort to bright light, sun, snow, etc.
• Decreased contrast sensitivity and color distinction is impaired, blues appear green and yellow appear white.
• Reading ability is impaired because print appears faded and lacks contrast.


Glaucoma is characterized by a blockage of the aqueous humor, the fluid which normally drains from the front part of the eye. As the internal pressure of the eye increases, the optic nerve is compressed, eventually causing the death of nerve cells and possible permanent vision loss.
Effects of Glaucoma
• Decreased Contrast Sensitivity
• Night Blindness
• Decreased Response to Magnification
• Loss of Peripheral Vision
• Increased Illumination Requirements


Diabetic Retinopathy is the leaking of retinal blood vessels occurring in advanced long-term diabetics and affecting the macula or the entire retina and vitreous. While not all diabetics develop retinal changes, the likelihood of retinopathy increases the longer a person has diabetes.


A disease, often hereditary, is characterized by degeneration of retinas, beginning in childhood and progressing to blindness by middle age. Clinical signs include a reduced range of vision, an inability to see in dim light, loss of color of the retina, degeneration of the central part of the retina, and eventual vision loss. Mobility becomes impaired.
Effects of Retinitis Pigmentosa
• Discomfort Glare Sensitivity
• Dazzling Glare Sensitivity
• Decreased Contrast Sensitivity
• Night Blindness
• Decreased Response to Magnification
• Loss of Peripheral (side) Vision
• Increased Illumination Requirements


 My years of experience enable me to provide you with valuable advice and in-home skills to help make your everyday activities safe and comfortable. 


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